Vietnam is small is size but it is so abundant from geographical to cultural differences. No matter where you go in the country, they are always distinctive in many shapes and forms. Those landscapes and cultures have been preserved over time, becoming unique features of Vietnam, and recognized by UNESCO as world cultural heritage. Let’s explore with ITS what these places are!
Complex of Hue Monuments
The Hue Monuments Complex, built from the early 19th century to the first half of the 20th century, became a world cultural heritage in 1993. The Imperial Citadel is an important construction, including a defense area, a ceremony area, a shrine area, etc. placed in the middle of a large natural space. This site includes the historic monuments in Hue, which was the capital of Vietnam during the Nguyen Dynasty from 1802 to 1945. After nearly 2 centuries and witnessing many important historical events of the nation, Ngo Mon gate still exists, considered an excellent ancient architecture.
Ha Long Bay – Cat Ba Archipelago
According to the Department of Cultural Heritage, Ha Long Bay – Cat Ba archipelago is recognized by UNESCO for containing many areas of natural beauty, including stunning limestone karsts and isles in various shapes and sizes. The site’s outstanding scenic beauty is complemented by its great biological interest.
Hoi An Ancient Town
The ancient town of Hoi An connects to the East Sea through Cua Dai, borders Duy Xuyen and Dien Ban districts, 20 km from Da Nang, and was recognized by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage in 1999. Hoi An Ancient Town is a well-preserved example of a Southeast Asian trading port dating from the 15th to the 19th century. Currently, this is the most popular tourist attraction in Quang Nam province.
My Son Sanctuary
My Son relic site in Duy Phu commune, Duy Xuyen district, Quang Nam province was recognized by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage in 1999. My Son Sanctuary is an archaeological site dating back more than a millennium, with ruins from the ancient Cham Empire.
Hinduism has affected the majority of My Son’s sculptures and architectural pieces. With a few exceptions, most of the temples and towers face the rising Sun, the location of the gods’ residence, in the east. These towers represent the kings’ thoughts in the afterlife and convey a sense of nostalgia for their forefathers.
Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park
UNESCO has honored Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park in Quang Binh province twice. Phong Nha – Ke Bang was initially recognized as a heritage site in 2003, based on the standards of extraordinary geological and geomorphological significance. This location received recognition for the second time in July 2015 due to two factors: “possessing the environment” and “being an outstanding example representing ecological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial ecosystems.” This is the most important places which is home to impressive limestone karsts, underground rivers, extensive caves, and significant biodiversity.
Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long – Hanoi
The central relic area of Thang Long Imperial Citadel, Hanoi, was recognized by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage in August 2010. This place is the ancient site of Hanoi’s old citadel, important for its historical and cultural value. The outstanding global values of the heritage site are recognized by three outstanding characteristics: Length of cultural history; The continuity of heritage as a center of power; The layers of relics are rich.
Citadel of the Ho Dynasty
As the capital of the Ho Dynasty, located in Vinh Loc District, this site is notable for its unique stone architecture from the 14th century. UNESCO recognized the Ho Dynasty Citadel relics in Thanh Hoa as a world cultural heritage in June 2011.
Trang An Lanscape Complex
Trang An Landscape Complex was recognized by UNESCO as a world cultural and natural heritage, becoming the first mixed heritage site in Vietnam in 2014. Located in Ninh Binh province, in the south of the Red River Delta, this is the place which is a mixed cultural and natural property, famous for its spectacular landscape of limestone karst peaks and submerged valleys. Trang An scenic complex includes 3 main conservation areas: Hoa Lu Ancient Capital Special National Monument; Special National Relics Trang An – Tam Coc – Bich Dong Scenic Area and Hoa Lu Special Use Forest.